Skip to main content

Table 3 2006 and 2010 landscape fragmentation characteristics

From: Using agent-based modelling and landscape metrics to assess landscape fragmentation in Iskandar Malaysia

Land use activity Landscape metrics 2006 2010
Agriculture CA 158,520.90 119,944.8
PLAND 73.7 59.4
LPI 69.5 50.5
TE 1,000,320.0 2,168,437.1
ED 4.97 10.7
AREA_MN 1,124.2 528.3
AREA_SD 11,763.0 6,769.2
Urban CA 18,466.56 52,544.9
PLAND 9.1 25.9
LPI 1.5 14.3
TE 680,400 2,419,620.4
ED 3.38 13.8
AREA_MN 63.9 140.3
AREA_SD 253.5 1751.6
Forests CA 14,428.80 20,932.6
PLAND 12.6 10.3
LPI 4.0 3.7
TE 344,640 2,419,620.4
ED 1.71 13.8
AREA_MN 343.5 140.3
AREA_SD 1,235.5 1,317.6
Mangrove CA 9,855.36 8,626.8
PLAND 4.8 4.2
LPI 1.5 1.5
TE 349,200 478,352.9
ED 1.73
AREA_MN 138.8 73.1
AREA_SD 429.95 317.4
  1. CA, Class Area; PLAND, Percentage of Landscape; LPI, Largest Patch Index; TE, Total Edge; ED, Edge Density; AREA_MN, Mean Area; AREA_SD, Area Standard Deviation.