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Table 5 Pearson correlation between various limnological parameters and land use/land cover parameters

From: Influence of land use/land cover on the water chemistry of Wular Lake in Kashmir Himalaya (India)

Parameters 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
1 1                    
2 0.00 1                   
3 −0.63** 0.33 1                  
4 0.15 −0.02 0.07 1                 
5 −0.45* −0.65** −0.08 −0.16 1                
6 −0.86** 0.19 0.72** 0.01 0.28 1               
7 0.11 −0.31 0.05 0.60** 0.11 −0.03 1              
8 0.59** −0.17 −0.28 0.64** −0.17 −0.38 0.64** 1             
9 −0.51* −0.19 0.52** 0.48* 0.25 0.46* 0.68** 0.19 1            
10 0.67 −0.88* −0.00 0.66** 0.51* 0.46 0.88** 0.93** 0.97** 1           
11 −0.12 0.41 0.68* −0.13 0.77** 0.50** 0.58 0.46* 0.18 0.15 1          
12 0.86* −0.58* 0.22 −0.36 −0.21 0.42 0.67** 0.51* 0.35 0.52** −0.01 1         
13 0.044 0.44** −0.31 −0.69** 0.67** 0.50* 0.64 0.54** 0.58* 0.28 0.96** 0.21 1        
14 0.89* 0.09 0.20 −0.44 −0.32 0.60** 0.26 0.32 0.29 0.47* −0.19 0.97** 0.01 1       
15 −0.45 0.61* −0.87** 0.78** 0.77** 0.26 0.39 −0.67** 0.65* −0.04 0.92** −0.38 0.82* −0.54 1      
16 −0.26 0.38 0.55** −0.01 0.77 0.39 0.51** 0.79** 0.14 0.68** 0.98** −0.65** 0.93** −0.73** 0.97** 1     
17 0.55 0.57** 0.06 −0.51 −0.53** 0.62** −0.28 −0.17 −0.79** 0.42 −0.73 0.38 −0.70 0.58 −0.86* −0.82* 1    
18 0.89* 0.04 0.18 0.58** −0.37 0.37 0.79** 0.66** 0.84** 0.51** −0.59* 0.93** −0.69** 0.99** −0.63 −0.43 0.68** 1   
19 0.43 0.59* 0.42* 0.02 0.20 0.32 0.60** 0.55 0.42 0.64* 0.55 0.70** 0.75** 0.52 0.28 0.48 −0.39 0.60** 1  
20 −0.21 0.55** −0.653** −0.221 0.81* 0.53 0.49 0.58** 0.59* −0.54** 0.96** −0.18 0.87* −0.52* 0.94** 0.96** −0.66** −0.79** 0.63** 1
21 −0.54 0.54** −0.548 0.064 0.76 0.22 0.49* 0.17 −0.03 0.58** 0.85* −0.53 0.70 −0.67 0.98** 0.91* −0.81 −0.73 0.09 .91*
  1. Parameters: 1 = water temperature; 2 = pH; 3 = dissolved oxygen; 4 = chloride; 5 = free carbon dioxide; 6 = total alkalinity; 7 = ammoniacal nitrogen; 8 = nitrate nitrogen; 9 = orthophosphate; 10 = total phosphate; 11 = agricultural land; 12 = alpine grassland; 13 = built up; 14 = dense forest; 15 = forest plantation; 16 = horticultural land; 17 = snow-covered/glacial area; 18 = sparse forest; 19 = wasteland; 20 = water bodies and 21 = wetland. **Correlation at 0.01 (two-tailed). *Correlation at 0.05 (two-tailed).