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Table 2 Characteristics of respondent households, educational level, sources of income, and level of livestock-wildlife interaction around Awash National Park, Ethiopia

From: Perception and attitude of pastoralists on livestock-wildlife interactions around Awash National Park, Ethiopia: implication for biodiversity conservation

Variable     Overall (n = 180)
Ethnic group Ittu Kereyu Afar  
Number of respondents 60 60 60 180
Male 53 50 44 147
Female 7 10 16 33
Mean household age 39 38.2 34.2 37.1 ± 0.8
Mean household family size 6.9 6.3 5.5 6.2 ± 0.2
Educational status
 Illiterate 45 48 36 129
 Elementary school 8 3 5 16
 High school 4 8 13 25
 Read and write 3 1 6 10
Primary source of income (%)
 Both crop and livestock production 63.3 30 0 31.1
 Livestock production 36.7 70 100 68.9
Mean livestock holding per household 7.6 12.6 19.2 13.1 ± 1.8
Mean attitude to wildlife 1.65 1.82 2.5 1.99 ± 0.06
Interaction with wildlife Very high High High  
Mean distance to the park 2.33 2 1.33 1.89 ± 0.07
Mean relation to park 1.75 1.82 1.93 1.83 ± 0.02