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Table 1 Test of normality and homogeneity of variance for soil physical and chemical properties in both land uses and per land use types

From: Effects of soil and water conservation practices on soil physicochemical properties in Gumara watershed, Upper Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia

Soil properties Both land uses (n = 24) Cultivated land (n = 12) Grazing land (n = 12)
Levene’s (p) Shapiro-Wilk (p) Levene’s (p) Shapiro-Wilk (p) Levene’s (p) Shapiro-Wilk (p)
pH (H2O) .35ns 394 ns .627 ns .400 ns .318 ns .462 ns
SOC (%) .272 ns .002* .496 ns .629 ns .111 ns .152 ns
TN (%) .172 ns .098 ns .019* .419 ns .143 ns .941 ns
Bulk density (g cm-3) .269 ns .102 ns .507 ns .487 ns .645 ns .659 ns
Sand (%) .446 ns .053 ns .285 ns .661 ns .086 ns .139 ns
Clay (%) .811 ns .021* .391 ns .084 ns .331 ns .117 ns
Silt (%) .571 ns .049 ns .467 ns .042* .080 ns .036*
Av. P (ppm) .433 ns .014* .468 ns .605 ns .972 ns .517 ns
CEC & Exch. cations [cmol(+) kg−1] CEC .608 ns .091 ns .919 ns .391 ns .425 ns .219 ns
Na+ .091 ns .808 ns .475 ns .987 ns .104 ns .770 ns
K+ .83 ns .223 ns .907 ns .071 ns .797 ns .910 ns
Ca2+ .972 ns .147 ns .876 ns .200 ns .934 ns .102 ns
Mg2+ .614 ns .474 ns .898 ns .545 ns .360 ns .425 ns
  1. Av. P available phosphorous, CEC cation exchange capacity, ns not significant at p < 0.05, n number of samples, P p value, SOC soil organic carbon, * significant at p < 0.05, TN total nitrogen