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Table 3 Land use/land cover transition flow matrices for each span period (percentage)

From: Spatially explicit statistical modeling of random and systematic land cover transitions in the main grassland plain of Nech Sar National Park, Ethiopia

 GLOLRFWVPi+LossCjSjDjlpgpgl
1986/2005
GL40.305.990.1620.4866.9226.6232.3011.3520.950.660.140.21
OL0.490.970.010.662.121.169.172.316.851.198.276.93
RF0.800.697.751.6410.873.123.370.502.870.400.030.08
WV4.391.340.0814.2820.085.8028.5811.6116.970.411.603.92
P+j45.978.988.0037.05100.0036.7136.7112.8923.8.2   
Gain5.678.010.2522.7736.71       
2005/2019
GL26.6518.350.000.9745.9719.3234.9831.313.670.730.590.81
OL3.085.670.010.228.983.3138.156.6231.540.586.1510.53
RF0.341.925.250.498.002.752.830.162.670.520.020.03
WV12.2314.570.0710.1837.0526.8628.533.3425.192.640.160.06
P+j42.3040.515.3311.86100.0052.2552.5020.9631.54   
Gain15.6534.850.081.6752.25       
1986/2019
GL34.7128.260.113.8566.9232.2139.8115.1824.620.930.220.24
OL0.721.220.010.182.120.9140.201.8138.390.7532.2843.32
RF1.902.995.230.7610.875.655.750.215.541.080.020.02
WV4.988.050.007.0620.0813.0217.819.588.231.840.680.37
P+j42.3040.515.3311.86100.0051.7951.7913.4038.96   
Gain7.5939.300.104.8051.79       
  1. Note: the diagonal elements in italic represent the persistent (unchanged) LULC classes. Pi+ = total in time 1, P+j = total in time 2, Cj = total change, Sj = the amount of swap, Dj = the absolute value of net change, lp = loss-to-persistence ratio, gp = gain-to-persistence ratio, and gl = gross gain-to-loss ratio