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Table 1 Plant species abundance (%) and richness of the soil seed bank over time in bush-cleared and uncleared microsites at Maseding from April 2016 to August 2017

From: Is the soil seed bank a reliable source for passive restoration of bush-cleared semi-arid rangelands of South Africa?

SpeciesFamilyPlant classEcological statusLF† Cleared microsites Uncleared microsites
 2016  20172016 2017
AprilAugOctDecAprilAugAugOctDecAprilAug
Achyranthes aspera (L.) Griseb.AmaranthaceaeForbInvaderP2.73.3 1.0  0.3
Vachellia tortilis (Forssk.) Hayne.FabaceaeShrubEncroacherD4.71.9 0.60.3 1.8 
Aristida congesta subsp barbicollis (Roen & Schult.)PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIWP 30.937.3  12.039.9
Aristida bipartita (Nees.) Trin & Rupr.PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIP2.79.75.58.6 0.61.4 12.03.85.4 0.6
Amaranthus hybridus (L.) Timeroy.AmaranthaceaeForbInvaderA0.7 0.80.3 0.9 
Brachiaria eruciformis (Sibth. & Sm.) Griseb.PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIA1.91.4 12.310.6 2.24.7 27.65.5
Bothriocloa insculpa (Hochst.) ex A. Rich.PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIP0.81.1 0.41.0 1.3 
Bidens pilosa (L.) Timeroy.AsteraceaeForbInvaderA1.2 0.614.2 0.9 0.32.0
Commelina benghalensis (L.)CommelinaceaeForbInvaderA0.4 0.4 0.4 0.60.3
Chloris virgata (Sw.)PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIA1.4 4.6  
Chochorous asplenifolius (Burch.)MalvaceaeForbInvaderP3.311.4 13.92.1 6.24.716.1 10.22.8
Corbichonia decumbens (Forssk.) Exell.MolluginaceaeForbIncreaser IIA5.5 1.1 3.62.83.6 3.2
Crotalaria heidmannii (Schinz.)FabaceaeLegumeIncreaser IIA   0.6
Crabbea angustifolia (Nees.) Nees.AcanthaceaeForbInvaderP1.4   
Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIP1.2   
Digitaria eriantha (Stent.) Steud.PoaceaeGrassDecreaserP 5.7  0.91.7
Eragrostis lehmanniana (Nees.)PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIP29.122.422.022.9 5.52.8 8.422.610.7 3.34.2
Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers.FabaceaeLegumeIncreaser IIP 0.1  
Justicia flava (Vahl.) Vahl.AcanthaceaeForbIncreaser IIP 0.20.1 0.9 0.9
Jamesbrittenia aurantiaca (Burch.) Hilliard.ScrophulariaceaeForbInvaderP41.213.118.738.6 2.6 6.747.246.4 6.3
Kyphorcarpa angustifolia (Moq.) Lopr.AmaranthaceaeForbInvaderA 1.97.1 1.0
Kohautia virgata (Willd.) BremekRubiaceaeForbInvaderA  0.3
Melinis repens (Willd.) Zizka.PoaceaeGrassInvaderWP  0.6
Phyllanthus maderaspatensis (L.)PhylanthaceaeForbInvaderP3.34.3 4.42.5 3.13.81.8 8.70.3
Rhyncosia minima (L.) DC.FabaceaeLegumeIncreaser IIP  
Sesbania bispinosa (Jacq.) Wight.FabaceaeLegumeInvaderA  
Spermacoce sinensis (Klotzsch.) Hierm.RubiaceaeForbInvaderA  4.50.4
Sorghum versicolor (Andersson.)PoaceaeGrassDecreaserP  
Schkuhria pinnata (L.) Kuntze ex Thell.AsteraceaeForbInvaderA12.11.4 7.512.0 40.40.95.4 11.711.5
Sonchus asper (L.) Hill.AsteraceaeForbInvaderA18.90.8  
Tragus berteronianus (Schult.)PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIA0.76.912.14.812.0 6.27.5 7.518.0
Tribulus terrestris (L.) Oliv.ZygophyllaceaeForbIncreaser IIA  
Hibiscus trionum L.MalvaceaeForbInvaderA 0.4 2.4
Portulaca quadrifida L.PortulacaceaeSucculentInvaderA 1.3 8.2
Urochloa mosambicensis (Hack.) Dandy.PoaceaeGrassIncreaser IIA  1.2
Total abundance of herbaceous perennials (%)    7353.457.286.1 64.248.4 3982.180.4 43.548.9
Total abundance of herbaceous annuals (%)    22.344.742.813.9 35.251.5 60.717.919.6 56.551.1
Species richness (number of species)    8171312 2020 181010 1816
  1. LF (life form): D deciduous, E evergreen, WP weak perennial, A annual, and P perennial, Apr April, Aug August, Oct October, Dec December