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Table 1 A summary of the effects of logging on the downstream riverine and estuarine water properties. The arrows indicate that the subsequent water properties increased (↑), decreased (↓), or did not change (→). See the list of abbreviations for water properties

From: The impact of tropical land-use change on downstream riverine and estuarine water properties and biogeochemical cycles: a review

Study sites Effects on downstream water properties Sources
Bukit Berembun rivers, Negri Sembilan, Malaysia ↑: SS, turbidity, NO3, PO43− Chappell et al. (2004, 2005)
Bukit Tarek streams, Selangor, Malaysia ↑: EC, SS, turbidity Gomi et al. (2006), Marryanna et al. (2007)
Danum Valley rivers, Sabah, Malaysia ↑: SS Douglas et al. (1992), Greer et al. (1996), Nainar et al. (2017)
Mendolong catchment, Sabah, Malaysia ↑: EC, TN, NO3, NH4+, DOC
Malmer and Grip (1994)
Baleh River, Sarawak, Malaysia ↑: pH, SS, DO
→: TP
↓: NO3, PO43−, Chl. a
Ling et al. (2016)
Batam River, Sarawak, Malaysia ↑: SS, turbidity Ling et al. (2017)
Rivers, Seram, Indonesia ↑: SS Cecil et al. (2003)
Bongan River, East Kalimantan, Indonesia ↑: SS de Jong et al. (2015)
Bukit Baka Experimental Catchment, Central Kalimantan, Indonesia ↑: SS Suryatmojo et al. (2014)
Purus river, Amazonas, Brazil ↓: pH Ríos-Villamizar et al. (2017)