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Table 4 Changes in ecosystem service value (ESV) (US$, %) between study years in Guder, Aba Gerima, and Debatie watersheds, Ethiopia. LULC abbreviations as defined in Table TS1

From: Changes in ecosystem service values strongly influenced by human activities in contrasting agro-ecological environments

Watershed LULC classa Change (US$ [thousands], %)
1982–2006 2006–2012 2012–2017 1982–2017
ESV (%) ESV (%) ESV (%) ESV (%)
Guder BL − 1.4 − 8.5 − 1.8 − 12.4 − 4.8 − 37.0 − 8.0 − 49.5
CL + 20.1 + 107.1 + 0.9 + 2.4 − 16.0 − 40.1 + 5.1 + 27.0
FL − 92.9 − 67.1 − 1.6 − 3.5 − 2.4 − 5.5 − 96.9 − 70.0
GL − 2.1 − 11.0 − 1.3 − 7.5 − 1.8 − 11.7 − 5.2 − 27.3
PL + 15.6 7.4 + 47.7 + 91.9 399.8 + 114.9
ST 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total − 60.6   + 3.7   + 66.9   + 10.0  
Aba Gerima LULC 1982–2005 2005–2016   1982–2016
BL − 9.9 − 37.4 − 3.0 − 18.0 − 12.9 − 48.6
CL + 26.9 + 122.4 + 1.4 + 2.9 + 28.3 +128.9
FL − 63.2 − 59.8 − 5.8 − 13.7 − 69.0 − 65.3
GL − 6.9 − 58.9 − 0.5 − 10.9 − 7.4 − 63.4
KC + 0.5 + 2.8 + 585.7 + 3.3
ST 0.0 0.0
Total − 52.6   − 5.1   − 57.7  
Debatie LULC 1982–2006 2006–2011 2011–2017 1982–2017
BL − 9.9 − 37.4 − 4.7 − 28.4 − 1.0 − 8.1 − 15.6 − 58.7
CL + 15.7 + 419.7 + 9.1 +47.0 + 1.5 + 5.3 + 26.3 713.5
FL − 13.6 − 27.4 − 17.5 − 48.9 − 0.1 − 0.4 − 31.2 − 63.0
GL − 6.5 − 24.6 − 2.1 − 10.8 − 1.5 − 8.3 − 10.1 − 38.3
ST 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Total − 14.3   − 15.3   − 1.0   − 30.5