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Table 1 Percentage of land use/land change (LULC) from previous studies

From: Land use change in highland area and its impact on river water quality: a review of case studies in Malaysia

No. References Land use/years (ha) 1947 1966 1982–1984 1990 1995 1997 2000–2003 2005 2010 2014–2016 Changes (%)
1 Gasim et al. 2009 Urbanization 181 264 306 + 69%
Agriculture 438 1402 2926 + 568%
Forest 30,989 27,766 23,374 − 25%
2 Ismail et al. 2012 Developeda 9408 8707 8668 − 8%
Natural areasb 17,570 18,262 18,245 + 4%
3 Khairulmaini and Fauza 2010 Telom catchment            
 Forest 10,380 9040 9030 7410 − 29%
 Agriculture 550 1320 1340 2890 + 81%
 Urbanization 0 50 50 110 + 110%
Upper Bertam            
 Forest 1950 1620 1590.00 1540 − 21%
 Agriculture 190 220 240.00 290 + 35%
 Urbanization 0 290 300.00 300 + 300%
Lower Bertam            
 Forest 4380 2920 2910.00 2810 − 36%
 Agriculture 260 970 1020.00 1470 + 82%
 Urbanization 0 100 110.00 120 + 120%
4 Haron et al. 2014 Urbanization 971 2%
Agriculture 9782 14%
Forest 57,354 84%
5 Zin and Ahmad 2014 Forest reserve 3533 3141 − 11%
6 Rendana et al. 2015 Urbanization 126 439 + 249%
Agriculture 6710 7527 + 12%
Forest 58,689 54,264 − 8%
7 Rozimah and Khairulmaini 2016 Developed ±4000 ±12,000 + 200%
Natural areas 67,381 58,855 − 13%
8 Sholagberu et al. 2016 Urbanization 593 830 + 40%
Agriculture 5125 5671 + 11%
9 RTD 2003–2015 (RTD 2018a) and RTD 2030 (RTD 2018b) Agriculture 5683 7508 + 32%
Forest 64,467 62,504 − 3%
  1. All the total areas presented may not having the same values as the area cover for each study may be different
  2. RTD Rancangan Tempatan Daerah Cameron Highlands/Local District Planning
  3. aLand use (mixed agriculture/residential/road + tea plantation)
  4. bLand use (primary forest + secondary forest/shrub